Native Trees of New Jersey


Let’s talk native plants. Trees in particular. Because native plants are adapted to local environmental conditions, they require far less water, saving time, money, and perhaps the most valuable natural resource, water. In addition to providing vital habitat for birds, many other species of wildlife benefits as well. Restoring native plant habitat is vital to preserving biodiversity. By creating a native plant garden, each patch of habitat becomes part of a collective effort to nurture and sustain the living landscape for birds and other animals. Also, as Lady Bird Johnson said, native plants “give us a sense of where we are in this great land of ours.”

In our increasingly urbanised world, much of the threat to our native wildlife is through loss of habitat due to clearing for urban development or agriculture. This can be seen as a “death by a thousand cuts” for our native bushland, which has become increasingly fragmented as a result. Take a look around your local area. Whether you live in the bush or the city, it is likely you will find the last dying remnants of once magnificent stands of trees.

Look closer – do you see any young trees growing to replace those that remain, or any of the native understorey left? If the answer is no then there is something you can do! Activities such as planting native trees in your landscapes.

Within the images below you will find 49 species of trees that are native to New Jersey and as such are adept at growing within the Bergen County New Jersey growing zone. Utilizing trees from among these species of native plants will help promote a “green” environment and help maintain a “natural” growing habitat for plants and animals alike.

Native Deciduous and Evergreen Trees of New Jersey

arrangement of twigs and buds on trees

48 Tree Species Native to New Jersey

Shown Below is Leaf Structure – Fruit – Twig/Branchlet Growth

The images left and right are reference images relative to the trees species shown below

types of tree leaves

American Beech - fagus grandifolia

American Beech

fagus grandifolia

American Elm - ulmus americana

American Elm

ulmus americana

american linden - tilia americana

American Linden

tilia americana


American Planetree

plantanus occidentalis


Bigtooth Aspen

populous grandidentata

bitternut hickory - carya cordiromis

Bitternut hickory

carya cordiromis

black ash fraxinus nigra

Black Ash

fraxinus nigra

Black Cherry - prunus serotina

Black Cherry

prunus serotina

black-gum-nyssa sylvatica

Black Gum

nyssa sylvatica


Black Locust

robinia pseudoacacia

quercus valutina - black oak

Black Oak

quercus valutina

black-willow-silex nigra

Black Willow

silex nigra

butternut-juglans cinerea


juglans cinerea

Chestnut Oak - Quercus Montana

Chestnut Oak

quercus montana

common-hackberry-celtis occidentalis

Common Hackberry

celtis occidentalis

common honeylocust-gleditsia triacanthos

Common Honeylocust

common-horsechestnut-aesculus hippocastanum

Common Horsechestnut

aesculus hippocastanum

Common PawPaw - asimina triloba

Common Pawpaw

asimina triloba

common-persimmon - diospyros virginiana

Common Persimmon

diospyros virginiana

common-sassafras - sassafras albidum


sassafras albidum

cumbertree magnolia - magnolia acuminata

Cumbertree Magnolia

magnolia acuminata

Eastern Black Walnut - juglans nigra

Eastern Black Walnut

juglans nigra

Eastern Hemlock - tsuga canadensis

Eastern Hemlock

tsuga canadensis

 Flowering Dogwood - cornus florida

Flowering Dogwood

cornus florida

Gray Birch - betula populifolia

Gray Birch

betula populifolia

Mockernut Hickory - carya tomentosa

Mockernut Hickory

carya tomentosa

Northern Catalpa - catalpa speciosa

Northern Catalpa

catalpa speciosa

Paper Birch - betula papyrifera

Paper Birch

betula papyrifera

Pignut Hickory - carya glabra

Pignut Hickory

carya glabra

 Pin Oak- quercus palustris

Pin Oak

quercus palustris

Quaking Aspen - populus tremuloides

Quaking Aspen

populus tremuloides

Red Maple - acer rubrum

Red Maple

acer rubrum

Red Pine - pinus resinosa

Red Pine

 Red Spruce - picea rubens

Red Spruce

picea rubens

River Birch - betula nigra

River Birch

betula nigra

Shagbark Hickory - carya ovata

Shagbark Hickory

carya ovata

Shellback Hickory - carya laciniosa

Shellbark Hickory

carya laciniosa

 Silver Maple - acer saccharinum

Silver Maple

acer saccharinum

Slippery Elm - ulmus fulva

Slippery Elm

ulmus fulva

Sugar Maple - acer saccharum

Sugar Maple

acer saccharum

Sweet Birch - betula lenta

Sweet Birch

betula lenta

 Tuliptree - liriodendron tulipfera


liriodendron tulipfera

Virginia Pine - pinus virginiana

Virginia Pine

pinus virginiana

White Ash - fraxinus americana

White Ash

fraxinus americana

White Oak - quercus alba

White Oak

quercus alba

 Yellow Birch - betula lutea

Yellow Birch

betula lutea

Trees, along with shrubs, form the foundation, or (backbone) of any landscape design. They are permanent and at times the focal point of many landscaped beds. If you have any questions or inquiries regarding trees and/or tree services you can refer to our TREE SERVICES page or contact us at 201 389-6979.

almost PERFECT Landscaping of Bergen County